Working Memory Training for Inattentive Type ADHDSeptember 15, 2021
The Inattentive subtype of ADHD (ADHD-PI) is different than Combined type or the Hyperactive/Impulsive type of ADHD. The most debilitating problem seen in people with ADHD-PI is a lack of sustained attention. Some researchers have discovered that this is the result of a faulty working memory. Working memory (WM) is the part of our brain’s executive or higher functions that enable us to prioritize the stimuli or information that we are exposed to so that we can best pay attention to what is most important at that moment.
Research studies have found that the Inattentive subtype of ADHD is helped by WM training. Online and computerized training tools that help develop our multitasking abilities, that is, our ability to attend to more than one piece of information at the same time, have been found to lessen the inattention of ADHD-PI.
Randomized controlled trials have shown improved executive function and WM performance in kids with ADHD-PI (and the other ADHD subtypes as well) after 潛能開發課程 computerized working memory training. From other studies we know that the main problems in people with ADHD-PI are related to working memory and that computerized training can help strengthen our ability to divide our attention and multitask.
The studies performed by Torkel Klingberg on children with ADHD-PI using a computerized WM training program reported significant improvements in divided attention deficits after working memory training. The Klingberg randomized control study was published in the Journal of the Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
There are numerous studies that indicate that prioritizing divided attention is the core problem in people with ADHD-PI. The fairly recent study published in the Journal School Psychology Review found that the combined type of ADHD scored poorly on the subscales of: Attention Problems; Oppositional; Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Problems scale; Inattention sub-scale; Hyperactivity-Impulsivity subscale; Externalizing; and Working Memory Index but the ADHD-PI type scored lower only on the Working Memory Index. So from this study we can see that while the Combined type has other issues, the main issue in ADHD-PI may be the WM issues.
Brain training is a growing field and a report in Pyschonomic Bulletin and Review states that there is a “growing body of literature showing that one’s WM capacity can be expanded through targeted training.” Our WM abilities decline with age and many studies on the elderly have shown marked improvement in WM after Computerized or Online cognitive training.